Anesthesia Options

Our patient’s comfort and safety is our number one goal. Treatment options vary and are based on the amount and/or type of treatment needed and the patient’s ability to tolerate treatment. Some options may not be eligible for all forms of treatment. In some cases, the treating provider may only recommend one or two options. Available options are:

Local Anesthesia

Local anesthesia is a type of anesthetic used to prevent pain in a specific area of your mouth during treatment by blocking the nerves that sense or transmit pain, which numbs mouth tissues. Your dentist may apply a topical anesthetic to numb an area in preparation for administering an injectable local anesthetic. Injectable anesthetics may be used in such procedures as filling cavities, preparing the teeth for crowns or extractions. Some complications with local anesthesia may but are not limited to include postoperative soft tissue.

Nitrous Oxide

For some dental visits, your dentist may use a sedative, which can induce minimal sedation. Some sedatives, such as nitrous oxide, can be administered before or during dental procedures. Nitrous Oxide is a safe and effective sedative agent that is mixed with oxygen and inhaled through a small mask that fits over the nose to help the patient relax. Nitrous Oxide, sometimes called “laughing gas” is one option your dentist may offer to make the patient less anxious during treatment. Some complications with Nitrous Oxide may but are limited to include nausea.


For increased relaxation the oral surgeon may administer sedation by drink or IV. After a period of time in our dedicated recovery area, you may go home. We require that an escort be present in the office to drive you home. Our pre-anesthesia instructions can be found by clicking here

Moderate Sedation

Moderate sedation is a safe method in which a liquid is given to the patient to drink. The patient will still be awake for treatment but moderately sedated so that they can be comfortable and cooperative for treatment. Treatment can be completed in two appointments or less. Your child may be given a mixture of different medications along with Nitrous Oxide and local anesthesia. Some complications with Moderate Sedation may include, but are limited to paradoxical reactions.

General Anesthesia

General anesthesia is commonly used to facilitate dental treatment in patients with anxiety or challenging behavior, many of whom are children or patients with special needs. When performing procedures under general anesthesia, dental surgeons must perform a thorough pre-operative assessment as well as ensure that the patients are aware of the potential risks and that informed consent has been obtained. In rare cases, for extremely anxious individuals who are unable to cooperate when sedated, general anesthesia may be the most sensible form of treatment used for patient’s when two or more quadrants of the mouth require restorative care. With general anesthesia, all treatment can be done in one appointment which helps to lessen the patient anxiety and decrease the patients fearfulness for future dental procedures.

To learn more about sedation click here.